The Merits And Disadvantages Of Questionnaires

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4.4 Advantages Of Questionnaires
1. Less Cost And Expenditure- The questionnaire is not as costly as that of other methods. The only expenses it incurs are that of postage and getting the questionnaire prepared. The researcher does not incur costs on travelling and meeting people.
2. Possible To Cover Large Area- If the respondents are scattered over a wide geographical area, Questionnaire method can be used. The investigator has to send the questionnaires by post and he gets the replies.
3. Free From External Influence- It is likely that in other methods of data collection, particularly those in which the researcher is himself present, the respondent might get influenced by the researcher. In questionnaire, the respondents are free from external
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Good Method For Collection Of Repetitive Information- Questionnaire is a good method of collection of data at regular intervals or after specified periods. The cost is less and also it does not require much labour and energy to mail the questionnaire at regular intervals.
5. Ensures Anonymity- The questionnaire method ensures anonymity of the respondent. In other words, the identity of the respondent remains hidden. This ensures that the respondents are more frank and open in their answers and that they do not conceal any vital fact or information.
6. Less Burden And Fatigue To The Respondent- The questionnaire puts less burden both physical and emotional on the respondent. The respondent is not in a pressure to fill up the questionnaire then and there. He gets ample time and freedom to do the same.
7. Collection Of Relevant Information According To The Object- Through Questionnaire method, the questions are framed according to the objects. Since the questions are standardized, the information collected is according to objectives and relevant.
8. Uniformity Of Questions- Since each respondent receives the same set of questions phrased in exactly the same way, information obtained through questionnaires are comparable and it also ensures uniformity of
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Incomplete Questionnaire- Sometimes the questionnaire is itself incomplete and some of the important aspects about which information is sought are not given place in it. Because of this drawback, the data collected is inadequate and not suitable for study.
3. Incomplete Entries And Bad Handwriting- Sometimes the respondent do not complete the questionnaire and leave many questions unanswered either because they are confusing or because they do not understand them. Sometimes they are not able to understand the questions due to which the answers they provide are confusing. All this makes the study incomplete and unreliable.
4. Lack Of Personal Contact And Manipulation Of Replies- In questionnaire method, the investigator and the respondent are not present in one and the same place. Due to this reason the possibility of manipulated replies goes up. The researcher has no means to check whether a reply is genuine or manipulated. This makes the study a bit unreliable.
5. Poor Response- Sometimes, all the respondents do not give answers or fill up the questionnaire. The respondents might not send back the filled questionnaire to the investigator. This makes the study

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