The Industrial Revolution : A New World Of Rapid Social And Economic Change
Before the Industrial Revolution, most goods were produced in small workshops or in the home. Mass production in factories made it possible to produce goods more cheaply and efficiently. Huge markets for these products started to open up in these urban environments and in the lands and territories that the European powers had conquered and settled.
The new era of mass-production meant that workers no are no longer owned by the workers themselves, rather the people who owned the facilities in question. Some factory owners increased their profits by heavily reducing the wages paid to their workers. This led to adult men, women and even children working long hours for miniscule wages, often in extremely dangerous environments. It took many years for wages and work conditions to improve to today’s standard.
Richard Arkwright is credited with being behind the growth of factories. After he patented his spinning frame in 1769, he created the first true…