Why Did The British Empire Case Study

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In the Nineteenth century, Britain had the largest empire in the world that covered a quarter of the land surface of the universe. Empire is an essential power that country such as Britain aims to possess for distinctive reasons. Empire was also known as the country presided over or the authority exercised by a ruler who happened to be called an emperor or the territorial possessions of a state outside its strict national boundaries (Porter, 1996). The British Empire had expanded rapidly between 1870 and 1900 in which this expansion had brought a countless benefit to the state. This expansion gave an economic benefit to Britain Empire as it expanded the power of Britain outside their country by introducing free trade, new system and …show more content…
As a Result, Britain became the main industrial manufacturer in the mid-nineteenth century as the introduction of the free trade that the Britain introduced had brought triumph in the British economy. Free trade policies were introduced by the British government between 1846 and 1860 it was the trading or sales of goods between other countries without imposing taxes (McDonough, 1994). However, Britain still paid high import taxes when exporting to independent countries that imposed them. Due to the introduction of free trade, British became the unchallenged prosperity in the middle of the nineteenth century. The Gross National Product (GNP) of Britain became higher than the combination of China and Russia in terms of valued of all goods and product. This shows that the introduction of free trade is one of the main reasons why the empire is important for Britain as it contributed and brings benefit to the economy of Britain although it become less benefit in the late nineteenth and early twentieth when Britain faced stronger US and European competition in which Britain had to rely more on empire imports or …show more content…
It’s shown that by introduced a new system and reform to the other state shows that the Britain’s were more civilized moreover influential than the other countries. In addition, it can also provide economic benefit to the Britain. For example, the westernization of India where the Governor General ,Lord Bismarck Bentinck ( 1828-1835 ) introduced a system of education where the English language is use in learning ( Hichens, 1974 ) in addition the official language of government is English language. Not much progress made until later nineteenth century. Moreover in 1870, British attempt to modernize the India by improving system of transportation such as built up railways [started before 1870 but real progress made after this date] in which became the proudest achievement in India. Other developed made by British were the construction of roads, providing sanitation and lightning and approximately 30 million land were irrigated out of 197 million acres cultivated land for the transportation system and also spread the Christianity in India and also abolished some old Indian traditional custom (Porter, 1975). All this provided opportunities for private investors. It can be seen that what the Governor General, Lord Bentinck introduced the system of education with the English language as a medium language in the subject to

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