The Epidemic Of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Essay

2448 Words Mar 9th, 2016 10 Pages
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, also known as AIDS, has considerably influenced society in Sub-Saharan Africa. The prevalence (the number of people living with AIDS) and the incidence (number of new cases) measurements of the epidemic have slowing been decreasing. In 2002, 5.3 million people, including 189,000 infants were reported having HIV or AIDS (UNICEF, 2016). Statistics have shown that since then the circumstances have changed because as of 2013, only 24.7 million people are living with AIDS and there are predicted to be 1.5 million new cases (Do Something 2016). The struggle against AIDS has depleted many financial resources in Africa and has forced other countries to take action. The overwhelming restoration of the overall health in Africa has been extraordinary but the steps leading up to the AIDS epidemic is alarmingly scary. The effects were hard to witness due to the fact that it was slowly destroying a nation.

The origins of the epidemic known as AIDS is connected to, after several gene mutations, a chimpanzee virus. After a phylogenetic analysis or a detailed examination of the evolutionary development of a specific feature of an organism, researchers have concluded that the HIV-1 strains such as M, N, and O are linked to the chimpanzee disease known as SIV. Simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV, inserts itself into a host (chimpanzees) and begins to break down the immune system, exactly like HIV. When strains of SIV altered due to environmental…

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