The Impact Of HIV In South Africa

1414 Words 6 Pages
Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and its advancement to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) refer to a retroviral infection that interferes with the human immune system, increasing a person’s risk for contracting common infections like Tuberculosis, opportunistic infections, and cancers that rarely affect others with unaltered immune systems. HIV is acquired through unprotected sex, contaminated blood transfusions, hypodermic needles, and from infected mother-to-child. Although HIV/AIDS was first recognized in the early 1980’s, there currently still is no ultimate cure or vaccine. Nonetheless, advancements in medicine have led to the invention of anti-viral therapies that allow persons with HIV to live relatively normal lives. In 2014, over 36.9 million adults and children globally were living with HIV infection. In that same year, over two million people contracted the virus and over one million died from AIDS-related …show more content…
It is believed to be internationally the most heavily infected nation. In 2014, about 7 million people in South Africa were infected with HIV – which composed 19 % of its total population. Although South Africa globally has the greatest HIV burden, the African nation has also rolled out some of the largest HIV intervention programs in the world. The two biggest consisted of their extremely successful anti-viral programs as well as their 2010 National HIV Counseling and Testing campaign, which consisted of the largest partnership in South African history between government, civil society, and business sectors. As a result of their continued response, South Africa today has a number of progressive laws and policies that support a progressive legal-environment that responds the HIV epidemic. This is reflected in the 53% reduction in the price of anti-viral therapies and the 13 million people tested for HIV during the National

Related Documents