Stigma And Discrimination In Living With HIV

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'Acquired Immune Deficiency Virus (AIDS) is caused by a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that weakens the immune system , making the body susceptible to and unable to recover from op­portunistic diseases that lead to death' (USAID, 2010, pp.173). It is one of the major challenges for Pub­lic Health and it is the world's leading infectious killer. According to the WHO, 35 million people are living with HIV worldwide. In middle and low income countries is the majority of infec­ted people. In 2013, 2.1 million new infections occurred in low and middle income countries (WHO, 2013). Estimated 39 million deaths occurred due to HIV globally. The area that is affected most by HIV is sub-Saharan Africa and in 2013 there were 24.7 million people living …show more content…
Stigma and discrimination have various consequences for people who are living with HIV. First of all, they are treated as outcasts by family members, friends or even the community. Second, many may receive poor treatment in healthcare facilities or in schools, there human rights may be viol­ences and they may have psychological damages. This can result in not getting tested for HIV or not receiving treatment or visiting counselling …show more content…
Mostly stigma and discrimination are directed towards this groups, since their behaviours are not ap­proved by the society (AVERT, 2014b). In Kenya, HIV/AIDS illustrates an additional burden for wo­men, as the higher prevalence rates among them show above. Women are extremely vulnerable to stigma, especially in developing countries. They already have disadvantages regarding access to treatment, financial support and education. A study conducted by VanTyler & Sheilds (2014) that 70% of the poor population are women and that poverty has a large impact on the women's well-being. mentioned that Furthermore they are socially, culturally and economically disadvantaged. Moreover women are considered as the main transmitters of sexually transmitted diseases (UN­AIDS,

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