The Effect of Work Design on Other Organisational Functions and Activities Including Production, Finance, Human Resources, and Marketing Etc.

1129 Words Sep 5th, 2007 5 Pages
The effect of Work Design on other organisational functions and activities including Production, Finance, Human Resources, and Marketing etc.

Work Design is closely related to operations management and within this is will have the greatest effect on production, which is an operations function, rather than finance, human resources or marketing which are separate business functions.

Production

Productivity has been generally defined as a ratio of a measure of output to a measure of some or all of the resources used to produce this output. The effect of work design on production will be within the employees involved in producing the goods for a company and the ways to increase their output. Some of these ways will be through job
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Motivation is a key element within work design. The ways that motivation affect production is as previously stated to motivate employees to work better and increase their output. Frederick Herzberg contributed to work design two theories of motivation which are the hygiene theory and what people actually do on the job.

The hygiene theory is simple ergonomics which Herzberg has chosen to call hygiene. The first part of the motivation theory involves the hygiene theory and includes the job environment. The hygiene factors include the company, its policies and its administration, the kind of supervision which people receive while on the job, working conditions interpersonal relations, salary, status, and security.
These ergonomic factors will not lead to higher levels of motivation but if a company does not have these in positive forms there is dissatisfaction.
The second part of Hertzberg's' motivation theory involves what people actually do on the job. The motivators are achievement, recognition, growth and advancement and interest in the job.
Herzberg states that for maximum affect both these approaches must be done simultaneously. Within work design in a production system will involve treating people as best you can so they have a minimum of dissatisfaction. It will also involve using people so they get achievement, recognition for achievement, interest, and responsibility and they can grow and advance in their work.
The hygiene factors

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