The Definition Of Gender Discrimination In The 21st Century

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1. INTRODUCTION
In the 21st century, one can hardly expect traces of discrimination, especially in the surroundings of well-educated and so-called “open-minded” people working in corporate. Yet somehow gender discrimination plagues almost all the sectors of the world. Although we understand that women are more prone to this discrimination owing to the trends of patriarchal mindset of society, yet what has been revealed in many studies is appalling.
It is not conventional to imagine discrimination against men, but shockingly it is an emergent issue of many sectors. The reasons behind such gender discrimination are still being explored. However, to understand what factors drive this menace, one first needs to understand the meaning and indicators
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Is “not assigning rigorous field work to a woman” a kind of discrimination? Will it be discrimination if a man is not given a chance to talk to the clients because a woman may be able to impress them better? The answers to these questions, though debatable, are perceptive as well as objective.
Gender discrimination can be defined as the practice of granting or denying rights or privileges to a person based on their gender. [1] Strangely, in some societies, this practice happens to be age-old and acceptable to both genders. A few religious groups embrace gender discrimination as part of their dogma.
Gender discrimination in the workplace has a long history and continues to occur. According to Target Law, gender discrimination is the most frequent type of employment violation. [2] It is most common to be found in almost any field or sector of industry. However, the intensity and frequency might vary from country to country and sector to sector.
Gender discrimination may be classified as direct or indirect. When an employee is treated unfavourably because of their sex, it is called direct gender discrimination, whereas Indirect gender discrimination occurs if employers or managers hold assumptions about what kind of work women and men are capable, or not capable, of
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There are many women out there who are not promoted after a certain level assuming that they will not be firm enough to lead or quick enough to act in crisis, or stern enough to make their subordinates stick to the deadline.

3.2 DISCRIMINATION AGAINST MEN
As a rebound of the everlasting discrimination against women, men too, have to now suffer discrimination at workplaces. Many multinationals now try to promote a woman over a more deserving man just to have more women in the management, so as to steer clear of any accusations of gender inequality in their organizations. [7]
Men too face occupational sexism in many sectors of industry. Men are discriminated against when attempting to enter health related fields. [8]
Also, due to these occupational stereotypes, men tend to pull themselves away from their aspirations just because it might not be a very “manly” job to do. When a man enters a stereotypical female career, his socialized self-perceptions might influence him to be more aware of possible occupational sexism. [4]

4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY:
4.1 Secondary Research
To look for real life examples of gender discrimination, the research methodology used was secondary data

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