The Civil Rights Of The United States Essay examples

997 Words Sep 20th, 2016 4 Pages
Chapter five (5) discusses certain civil rights and a right that has been of controversy in the past ten (10) years has been the rights of Children in both Criminal and Civil cases. Children are considered people that have not yet met the definition of majority – this varies from eighteen (18) to twenty-one (21) years of age1. One of the first examples would be: if a minor signs a contract they are not to be held liable unless these contracts are for necessities. Usually when a minor commits a crime of negligence, like breaking a mailbox, legal guardians are held responsible for compensation of the damaged object. Children have been faced with different guidelines for criminal law; common law is what is held by most states for criminal actions regarding children. Common law states that children seven (7) years or younger are incapable of criminal intent because they lack morals; this same argument is made for children between seven (7) and fourteen (14) years old. If the prosecution can find that the child that are between seven (7) and fourteen (14) years of age had full knowledge of the wrongful nature of their action, they can be challenged in a court of law. The juvenile court system is where children too young to hold responsibility for their crimes find themselves after a guilty verdict. The juvenile court systems are used to reform rather than to punish, in theory. The juvenile court systems also deny children the right to trial by jury, and the right to post bail. If…

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