Teen Competency: The Protective Factors Of Teen Pregnancy

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Background Teen pregnancy is by definition “age 13 to 19, which is understood to occur in a girl who hasn’t completed her core education—secondary school—has few or no marketable skills, is financially dependent upon her parents and/or continues to live at home and is mentally immature”(Segen 's Medical Dictionary). Teen pregnancy is not a new phenomenon, but has only become a problem when the average age of pregnancy went up. For females ages 15 (2011) make up 23 out of every 1000 births (Wisconsin) and 31 out of evert 1000 births ( United States). Since 2008 teen pregnancy rates have deceased (The Office of Adolescent Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). Teen pregnancy is a result of unprotected sex or a conception failure. …show more content…
The human brain is not fully developed until 25. This means that teen’s brains are not able to decisions with the full composite as an adult. Part of this is also peer pressure. “63 percent of teens believe that waiting to have sex is a good idea, but few people actually do.”(Allen). This data is not only girls, but boys too. Many forget that teen pregnancy is something that effects both the boy and girl involved. Girls cannot get pregnant by themselves.
Protective Factors
A protective factor is something that helps prevent teen pregnancy. The most common way people believe that they can prevent teen pregnancy is abstinence. Abstinence is a way to prevent teen pregnancy, however there needs to be more education than that. This education includes talks about STDs STIs and other options other than having sex. This education should include this such as talks about condoms. The positive attitudes towards peer use of condom helps protect teens from pregnancy. This does not mean teens do not have sex but that they do so in a way that protects them and others.
Communication is another huge way to prevent pregnancy in teens. This communication can be between parents/or a close adult. By doing this teens aren’t only getting there information from peers and they can ask questions. Open communication is key. They cannot be afraid of the ramification of what they are

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