Teaching Patients About Gestational Diabetes Mellitus ( Gdm ) Before And During Pregnancies

1006 Words Jun 10th, 2016 null Page
Teaching patients about gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) before and during pregnancies are both very important. It would be great if all patients could be informed about GDM before they become pregnant so they could get a healthy start to their pregnancy and possibly prevent GDM from occurring. It is also important for patients to know how to live a healthy lifestyle before and during pregnancy. The nurse may be the first to provide information to their patients and can play a key role in helping people prevent GDM. The nurse can do this by assessing, screening, and patient teaching early on.
What is GDM? GDM is defined as a condition where women who were not previously diabetic will start to show glucose intolerance during pregnancy. This occurs in about 9.2% of pregnancies in the United States of America. A large number of women who develop GDM, also end up developing type two diabetes later on in life. This number is as high as 50-60% of women who have been diagnosed with GDM (Bone, 2015).
Early assessments and screening are a very important part of patient care and may prevent complications later in pregnancy for the mother and the fetus. Women who have a family history of diabetes should be screened at the first visit and also throughout their pregnancy. Screening is usually done between 24 and 28 weeks. Early screening and detection of GDM may prevent unnecessary complications. Women with GDM are at risk for preeclampsia, fetal macrosomia, shoulder…

Related Documents