Type 1 Diabetes Essay

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The disease diabetes results from a complex interaction of environmental, lifestyle and genetic factors. The disease is classified into two types: type 1 and type 2. The Type1 diabetes is classified as autoimmune process caused mainly by genetic factors. The Type1 diabetes is the result from an individual’s incapability to produce insulin, a hormone constructed in the pancreas used to absorb glucose and regulate blood sugar levels within the body. The Type1 diabetes results to the destruction of Beta cells. When blood sugar levels increase past the individual’s threshold, metabolic process begins to malfunction, which can result in organ system/ body complications such as cardiovascular issues, intermediate hyperglycemia and more. The type …show more content…
In the Type 2 diabetes, the Beta cell has not been fully destroyed, but perhaps cannot produce enough insulin called for by the system. The type 2 diabetes could be roughly managed by a monitored diet, under the absolute check of the Nutritionist or Dieticians. In addition, changing of lifestyle and Administration of some oral drugs (Metformin) might help. Rarely, some patients with type 2 diabetes might require insulin to manage illness and to reduce the risk factors of other commodities associated with the disease. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes might sometimes arise from combination of life style and genetic factors. As researchers indicated that there are some genes that contribute in the development of type 2 diabetes. “The effect of the known, common gene variants in creating a predisposition to type 2 diabetes is approximately 5%-10%” (McCarthy, …show more content…
Each case is looked into based on the population affected and the the risk factors. Population wise, the 2011 report from the Center for disease control(CDC) estimated that approximately 26 million Americans have diabetes, and 79 million Americans have pre-diabetes (The US Department of Health and Human services, 2011). About 8.3% of all the American Population are affected. From the report, 11.3% of individuals between the age limit of 19-20yrs were highly affected. The pre-diabetes affects roughly 35% of the population aged 20years and older. However, there are more individuals who have no idea that they have pre-diabetes in the population. Type1 diabetes causes approximately 5%-10% of all cases of the disease. (Khardori, 2011) and type2 diabetes accounts for approximately 90%-95% of all cases of the disease (Khardori, 2011). The Type 2 diabetes is much more rampant in African-Americans than other ethnic groups. Indeed, there might be a genetic related cause for this, though socio-economic factors are probably account for it. (Link, McKinley,

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