State And Federal Laws Protect Today 's Workers From Many Different Forms Of Discrimination
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act is the most notable example of a federal law designed to protect individuals from unfair treatment at work. It also applies during various pre-hiring stages, such as the advertisement of open positions, as well as the application and hiring processes. This act applies to all companies with 20 or more employees and protects against several different means of age discrimination.
In addition to hiring and compensation decisions, employers also may not discriminate via negative performance evaluations, unwarranted disciplinary action, unfavorable work assignments or forced retirement. Health and life insurance benefits cannot be reduced or removed, nor older workers purged via downsizing efforts. Note that the law does provide for instances wherein employers are permitted to offer lesser benefits to older workers, provided the cost is equal to that paid for benefits for younger workers (e.g. health care).…