Located at the crossroads of the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Europe and Africa, Spain's history and culture are made up of a rich mix of diverse elements. Through exploration and conquest, Spain became a world power in the 16th century, and it maintained a vast overseas empire until the early 19th century. Spain has had peaceful transition to democracy following the death of Dictator Francisco FRANCO in 1975, and rapid economic modernization in 1986, which gave Spain a dynamic and rapidly growing economy and made it a global champion of freedom and human rights. More recently the government has had to focus on measures to reverse a severe economic recession that began in mid-2008. In this report I will discuss the history,
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It was a leader in the age of discovery and its imperial empire spread across the globe. By the 17th Century the Spanish empire included most of South America, parts of Northern Europe, islands in the Pacific and parts of Northern Africa. Following the French Revolution, Spain unsuccessfully fought against the French Republic in 1793 and ultimately became a French client state, until Napoleon's defeat to Wellington in the Peninsula War. In the 1930s the Nationalist forces of General Francisco Franco, backed by the Fascist regimes in Germany and Italy, emerged victorious against the Popular Front government forces, which included many overseas soldiers. Over 500,000 people lost their lives in the conflict and many fled to South America for refuge. In 1937 the only legal political party under Franco's reign was formed. The” Falange Espanola Tradicionalista” emphasized nationalism, Catholicism and anti-communism until the leader's death.
Spain is very diverse, mostly Mediterranean and Nordic types. Population is over 47 million, Roman Catholic is the most dominant religion with over 94% and 6% of other religions. The main language is Spanish. Castilian Spanish is the official Spanish language used and there are several other regional languages used within the country, such as Catalan, Galician, and Basque. Median age is 41, over 23 million people in the labor force. Quality of life is good, Spain is very focused on work