Essay about Social Status And The Social Hierarchy

1315 Words Jul 24th, 2016 null Page
In the late 18th century, the term "class" began to replace classifications such as estates, rank, and orders as the primary means of organizing society into hierarchical divisions. This corresponded to a general decrease in significance ascribed to hereditary characteristics and increase in the significance of wealth and income as indicators of position in the social hierarchy. According to philosopher Karl Marx, "class" is determined entirely by one 's relationship to the means of production. He thinks the classes in modern capitalist society are the proletariat, those who work but do not own the means of production; and the bourgeoisie, and those who invest and live off of the surplus generated by the former. This contrasts with the view of the sociologist Max Weber, who argued "class" is determined by economic position, in contrast to "social status" or "Stand" which is determined by social prestige rather than simply just relations of production.

In the primitive society of prehistory, the difference between the strong and the weak is great obvious. The strong who have higher IQ, higher physical strength, and better social ability can get more source easier in general cases. However, whether the strong or weak, rely on the power of the individual to survive is a difficult thing. In practice, human learned that they must be united in order to better survival and better deal with nature. In that case, the leaders had to be selected to get a better cooperation. The…

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