Social And Physical Determinants Of Health

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1. Identify 2 social or physical determinants of health that increase risks for poor health outcomes in this population. Explain how each of the 2 determinants affect health status and include an example. About 1 paragraph for each determinant. 8 points (4 pts each determinant; identify appropriate determinant (1pt); describe health effects and include an example (3 pts).
The rural population is a focal point in regards to health outcomes. Rural populations are determined by geographic location and population density; as many rural communities have “less than 20,000 residents or less than 99 people per a square mile”(Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012, p. 429). According to Stanhope and Lancaster (2012), rural communities have a higher number of
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According to Stanhope and Lancaster (2016), rural residents are less likely to seek out medical care than their urban counterparts even though they have a poorer overall health status and more chronic illnesses; this can be attributed to the scarceness of resources and lack of providers in the area. For example, in some areas residents may have to travel as long as 30 minutes to reach the closest healthcare provider indicating another area of concern in regards to access to care, as travel time and distance to health-care services can impact the resident’s ability to obtain services (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012). Limited availability of resources and health providers can have an adverse impact on the resident’s health because they are less likely to seek out healthcare professionals about checkups and preventative care. According to the National Rural Healthcare Association (2016), “only about ten percent of physicians practice in rural America despite the fact that nearly one-fourth of the population lives in these areas” (p.1). Therefore signifying the need to increase resources and providers in these locations. Preventative care could benefit this community as many of their prevalent diseases such as heart disease, lung disease, obesity, and diabetes are preventable and can be decreased through primary and secondary prevention (Stanhope & Lancaster, …show more content…
(2011). Issue brief #3: exploring the social determinants of health series. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Retrieved from
National Rural Healthcare Association. (2016). What’s different about rural healthcare?
Retrieved from
Newkirk II, V., & Damico, A., (2014) The affordable care act and insurance in rural areas. The Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved from
Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. (2012). Public health nursing population-centered health care in the community. 8th edition. Elsevier

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