Type 1 Diabetes In The Human Body

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Diabetes is a chronic disorder of the process by which the human body normally handles the body’s sugar levels. The main goal of treating diabetes is to lower blood sugar levels. In a normal person sugar metabolism is controlled by insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to turn sugar, starches, and other food into energy. Insulin is secreted by the pancreas. When not enough insulin is secreted, blood sugar levels in the body increase. Decreased secretion of insulin can also cause protein and fat metabolism abnormalities in the human body.
Diabetes is classified as a metabolism disorder. Metabolism relates to the way our bodies use digested food for energy and growth. Digested food is broken down into glucose. Glucose
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Type 1 diabetes is normally diagnosed in children or young adults under 40 years of age. Having a family member with Type 1 diabetes increases the risk of having the disease. Viral infections have also been linked to developing this disease. Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early onset diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is not as common as Type 2 diabetes. In Type 1 diabetes the body does not produce insulin. People diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their lives. They must also ensure good blood glucose levels with regular blood checks and by following special diets. Less than 10% of people diagnosed with diabetes have Type …show more content…
However, many people find it hard to maintain a healthy lifestyle in today’s sedentary world of over eating. Type 2 diabetes is expected to increase in the future. Researchers are focused on finding better treatments or a cure for this disease. Scientist are focusing on better ways to deliver insulin to the body. One medical device being tested is a glucose monitoring system with an insulin pump. This device would be worn on the outside of the body and deliver insulin automatically. It could also stop insulin delivery. This would work like an artificial pancreas. Scientists are also working with stem cells. Researchers believe they can use normal adult stem cells to become pancreatic cells that would allow diabetics to make insulin the normal way. There is a great deal of research underway for better diabetes treatments. However, lifestyle changes, diet, and activity remains the best way to address this healthcare problem. With the help of insulin injections and medications diabetics can learn to manage their conditions and live long healthy

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