Effects Of Diabetes Type 2

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Diabetes type 2 is a chronic condition in which insulin does not respond to high glucose levels in the blood. The insulin produced in the body has a resistance to the glucose. The pancreas may still produce insulin, but the insulin does not have the usual effect on cells. Diabetes affects people when there are high blood glucose levels, which lead to damage of blood vessels. This can lead to several complications including heart disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, eye damage and can cause blindness. Normal body function would include the breakdown of glucose in the blood; the glucose in our blood is broke down for energy or stored glucose for energy at another time. Blood tests are used to diagnosis diabetes and pre-diabetes because early …show more content…
If the person has a high history of diabetes in their family it is much greater risk for them to develop the disease. The society the person may live in could affect the development of diabetes. Major risk factors for type 2 diabetes also include obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. For instance, if the person lives by fast food places or goes to a local ice cream shop every week. Some of the major reasons diabetes is developed is simply not enough exercise with a combination of obesity. An unhealthy diet with excessive amounts of sugar will increase the risk of diabetes as well (American Diabetes …show more content…
A healthy diet consisting of low sugar and low starch foods is recommended. A person would want to eat high protein meals; grains; dairy products low in sugar; unprocessed fruits and vegetables; and certain types of fats. Exercise can help blood circulation and decrease the chances of stroke and heart disease. These are also Long term side effects of this chronic condition. If these basic measures do not help the body control glucose levels, insulin injections may be the next treatment method. After the person has been diagnosed with diabetes they will have to test their blood glucose levels by taking a small sample of blood with a glucose test strip. The person would insert the strip into the blood glucose meter. The glucose meter gives the person a reading of glucose in mg/dL. A normal reading is between 70 mg/dL and 90 mg/dL. If your sugar levels in your blood are over 90 mg/dL a greater amount of insulin may be needed (New York Times, 2014) Checking your blood glucose should be a daily process on monitoring your diabetes. Common times to check your sugar level is when you wake up, after meals, and at bedtime. Someone who has uncontrolled diabetes and has to take multiple insulin shots a day, may require more of a continuous supply of insulin. Insulin pumps are small computerized devices that act as a rapid releasing insulin pump, similar to how your body would release

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