Religion In The Crusades Essay

1392 Words 6 Pages
In the twelfth and thirteen centuries, expeditions of Christian Europeans fought to conquer their Holy Land, otherwise known as the Crusades. The Holy Crusades were known to be some of the bloodiest battles fought for a lengthy time of two hundred years. At this time religion was becoming a big factor in the meaning of fighting and having a more intimate connection with God. In this paper the discussion of what kind of role religion played in the Crusades will be discussed. Between the clothing that they wore, the visions and signs that were seen, and the sermons that were taught, it all comes to play a part in the symbolic role of religion during the Crusades.
The Latin word for crusader is crucesignatus. The meaning behind this word was when
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A sales job at that time was to report the words of the pope and report terrible wrongs done to Christian pilgrims, or travelers, in the Holy Land. Songs and poetry were often used as well to convince the common people the need for a holy war against the people of Islam to recapture a city that was sacred to Christianity. From the late eleventh century to the end of the thirteenth century, most common people were illiterate and did not understand most reading and writing. Therefore, through poetry and skits aristocratic writers and performers were able to paint a strong picture of the Christian warriors battling against the Muslims and how desperate their need of support was (Call to Arms, pg 63). The Muslims also had propaganda through their religious leaders, but with constants feuds amongst them they were not ready for the first crusade encounter. Muslims had a duty to fight for religion, but they were not forced to fight. With the Muslims competing for religion though amongst each other, it allowed the Crusaders to take the Holy Land along the eastern Mediterranean from Jerusalem in the south to Antioch in the north. With war aside, Muslims put their differences aside in order to fight against the enemies, Christian invaders. Some people resisted the writings from empires for a call to arms as they tried to analyze the writings, songs, and poetry to find a real motive behind a holy war, but many knights and …show more content…
Everyone would, therefore, assemble as a congregation as the chosen brother spoke about any issue or affair (Military Orders, #’s 1,2,3,6). In model sermons, it portrayed the crusade and the crusader as more of a devotional and moral aspect of life. Sermons portrayed only the good that could come from fighting and how it related to biblical times. They would include historic and biblical characters to illustrate how God influenced and controlled situations. They are two Old Testament stories that “served as a foil” for the crusaders. The conquest of the Promise Land by the Israelites after the exodus of Egypt and the fight of the Maccabees against the enemies of Israel are the two examples to show how it was wars fought by God’s people led by the Lord (Portraying the Crusade 55). Often times, they would reference the Old Testament as biblical examples due to the military heroes. The sermons were characterized as an obligation by love. “The Lord enlarged their hearts through his love so that they could contain the Lord.” For example, James of Vitry suggested how the cross was sewn onto their garments “by the thread of God’s love.” Authors try to explain the crusader’s spiritual quest through the mutual love they share when taking up the cross (Portraying the Crusade, pg.

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