The Crusade: The Failure Of The First Crusades

Improved Essays
Before the First Crusades had started, the Byzantine Empire was having troubles protecting themselves from the Muslim Seljuk Turks. The Muslims were able to conquer some of the Byzantines land, as they were able to acquire Turkey and Armenia. As a result the Emperor Alexias went to ask Pope Urban the second for protection against the Muslims. Pope Urban looked at this as a way to gain land for the Christian faith and accepted, he gave a speech calling all Christians to join forces to claim Jerusalem and the Holy Land. To further motivate people the Pope promised any past sins would be cleansed if they were to join the crusades. This brought many volunteers that had no experience, Peter the hermit took advantage this and created the People’s …show more content…
After hearing Pope Urban the seconds request for western christians, Peter, also known as Peter the Hermit, decided why wait to start the crusades when they should go attack now. Peter than rallied up an army that was filled with "inexperienced nobles and peasants" along with a few retired knights to fight, which will later be called the People's Crusades" as the army was made up off common folks. This started off the crusades to a horrible start in which Peter's large army was cut down to a mere few thousands making this the first failure of the Christians. Adding to the previous example, the journey to Jerusalem was not a an easy task. As tens of thousands Christians started off in 1096, but by the time they had reached to Jerusalem only about one in ten Christians arrived and three or four in ten survived the journey. While every attack it is expected to suffer some casualties, the Christians experienced severe casualties as three to four Christians out of ten died and the rest of the six to five out of ten deserted the crusades all together. Making this one of the Christian’s biggest failures of the First Crusades. What was the Muslims biggest failure, also turned out be their biggest success that came out from the First Crusades. As the Christians came out victorious in the First Crusades, the Muslims of …show more content…
Petter had lead the first wave of crusaders without any instructions to take back Jerusalem and the Holy Land. Throughout the crusade Peter’s army took what they pleased from nearby kingdoms and often killed whoever was in them. This adds on to the failure as these kingdoms were allies and Christians. To add on at the end of the People’s Crusades, most of Peter’s army had died due to the powerful force of the Muslim army. Which is what people argue is an absolute failure. However, while the People’s Crusade was a failure in what it was originally sent out to accomplish, the People’s Crusade was able to allow for further success to happen throughout the First Crusades. In J. Arthur McFall’s article, McFall shows how “ When Kilij Arslan saw how easily his army had annihilated the Franks [Christians] invaders, at a cost of only minor casualties, he began to feel that there was nothing to fear from the Europeans”. Kilij Arslan believing that the People’s crusade nor any other crusaders were a threat allowed for the Christians to take over Nicea and when Kilij finally sent a small group of soldiers to take on the crusaders, they were meet with a much more powerful army than they had expected allowing for the Christians to become successful as well as making the People’s Crusades an unexpected

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Causes Of The Crusades

    • 1416 Words
    • 6 Pages

    To the Christian people, the Jews never accepted the Christian ways and the Christian people blamed the Jews for “his murder and for preventing his messianic successes ever after by refusing to believe in him” (BOOK). Rumors about the Jews surfaced and led many Christians to believe that the Jewish people were bad and had to be destroyed. During the first crusade, the Crusaders targeted three cities that were occupying by Jews on their way to Jerusalem. These Jewish communities were well-known and flourishing under Muslim rule. The Christians were angry and decided to kill off the Jews that did not agree to convert over to Christianity.…

    • 1416 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    It was also the futile war because thousands of people died due to their religious belief. Innocent men, women, even children were slaughtered by the crusaders. Furthermore, in the next Crusades, not only citizen in city but also soldiers were fallen down, causing blood running like a river. Crusaders also destroy homes, properties and temples on their way to Jerusalem. However, it would be a mistake if I do not mention the positive impacts of the Crusades.…

    • 721 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Thus, after the crusaders successfully penetrated into Jerusalem, the Turks tried to take over from them but failed. The Crusaders were too overwhelmed in killing the Muslims and Jews. The Turks army had to withdraw from their planned secret attack. Knowing this, the Crusaders considered the agreement became automatically invalid. That is why we see no written records on handing over half of the land to the…

    • 1003 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    He then took his problem to the pope, who was in Western Europe, and implored him to help wage a holy war against the Turks. In 1095 AD, Pope Urban II initiated the first Crusade, which was a ‘war of the cross’. The pope hoped that the Crusade would remove the Turks from Constantinople, and he also hoped that he could recover the city of Jerusalem, a holy city in the eyes of a Christian, from Muslim rule. In 1099 AD, the Crusaders attacked the Muslims in Jerusalem, and were successful in overtaking the city. A second Crusade began when the Muslims defeated one of the Christian colonies that the Crusaders set up, but this time, the Muslims were prepared and did not lose.…

    • 1437 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Crusades Dbq

    • 735 Words
    • 3 Pages

    By doing so, the Crusaders could limit uprisings and greatly shrink the chances of losing the city again. Third, the reason why the Crusades began in the first place was because many Christian holy sites had been taken over by Muslims. In 1095, the Byzantines asked the Pope for support in reclaiming Jerusalem, and this action began the first Crusade. Through studying the Crusades and the events that led up to these military campaigns, historians can learn more about modern religious violence in the Middle East. The Crusades also provides a historic background for conflicts that have occurred in the area during the past one hundred…

    • 735 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Beginning with the focus solely on getting rid of Muslim forces in the Holy Land. In later Crusade, other kinds of threats were taken into focus, like threats on the church and threats at home. Eventually the pop began to use crusades to combat any kind of threats against the Catholic Church (Edmonds, 2016.) In 1095 Pope Urban II gave a speech telling rich and poor to embark on the holy war (History.com, 2016) The popes played a large role in the Crusades, with speeches that would provoke Christians to fight for the holy land. This also acted as a good cover up for some other underlying reasons for the Crusades.…

    • 1265 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Peter and his army created a People's Crusade in 1096, by inspiring people to battle against the Muslims for the Holy Land. The People's Crusade ended badly and unfortunately failed, resulting in most of the Crusaders being killed by Turkish soldiers. The Third Crusade By joining the German,…

    • 662 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Deus Lo Volt Analysis

    • 1100 Words
    • 5 Pages

    In 1095 at the Council of Clermont in France, Pope Urban II gave a speech that would affect the church for many years to come. He declared that church was going to try and get the Holy Land back from the Seljuk Turks in battles that would be known as the Crusades. Since the mid-seventh century, the Muslims had controlled the Holy Land and had prevented Catholics from entering Jerusalem to make pilgrimages. The Catholics saw gaining the Holy Land back as a sacred duty because the Muslims were seen to be “enemies of Christ”. “Deus lo Volt”, which means God wills it, was chanted after hearing the Pope’s speech and soon became the motto for these wars.…

    • 1100 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Byzantium fell into the hands of the Muslim Turks who started to spread through the east to ultimately conquer the holy city of Jerusalem. Furthermore, the battle of Manzikert essentially paved the way for this epic crusade and the fallouts caused Christians and Muslims to become increasingly distrustful of each other, as they both recognized…

    • 2031 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    There were Christians who realized that they were sinners, and that by fighting in the Crusade, they would have those sins forgiven. Pope Urban II explained that if they died fighting for God, they would go to heaven. He used that power to inspire and recruit people to fight in the Crusade. Many Christians sought to regain Jerusalem because of their faith…

    • 2139 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays