Reflection On Administrative Administration

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This reflection paper reflect some theoretical discussion about administrative ethics, and how it is apply in practical and real-world bureaucratic discretion and formal rules. It also elaborate more on the challenges facing public administrators through administrative evil and ways that administrators can used to combat corruption, with various self-correcting mechanism for shady tactics particularly on whistleblowing.
Holzer and Schwester (2011, p.350) described ethics to be grounded in teleological and deontological theories. Teleological theories suggest that the consequences of any action is a critical factor to consider before making any decision or take any action, whereas deontological theories focus on the motives and the intention
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Hoffman and Gajewski (2012), writes that administrative evil is accomplished when public administrators performing unethical behavior behind the masks of organization processes, bureaucratic accountability structures, organization mission, and system of reward and punishment that lead to ethical behavior manipulation. Milgram (1974) used the term “agentic shift” when professionals and administrators make decision, and follow orders due to their responsibility to the authority of the organization, public policy, or job requirements and profession without considering the personal conscience on the implication of their decisions. As a result, more emphasis has been made towards improving the internal control and personal conscience as a means of improving ethical behavior and standard. However, Adams and Balfour (2009) argued that historical record has proved that power of individual’s conscience is very weak compared to the legitimate authority of the modern organization, thus current ethical standard may have little impact on possible evil administrators …show more content…
Suggestion boxes can be used by organization internally as remedies for bureaucratic “sore throats”, before disclose their concerned in public. Another remedy such as “deep throat” by being anonymously blow the whistle in public, given the internal remedy is not effective. Whistleblowing may have the advantage and disadvantage as well, if no effective regulation in place to protect whistleblowers. Whistleblowers then chose to remain anonymous and blow the whistle through providing information to advocates group, or simply being a ghost writer, by writing on behalf of someone else to blow the whistle on your behalf (Svara, 2015). Also, bureaucrats may resigned from their position to show protest against any unethical action exist within the organization, or remain and carry out the current policy (Adams and Balfour,

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