Psy 375 Paper

2121 Words Mar 30th, 2013 9 Pages
Late Adulthood and End of Life Paper
Tramaine Layne
PSY 375
July 23, 2012
Moriel McDuffy
Late Adulthood and End of Life Paper Berger (2008) state that late adulthood, which begins at age 65, is the final stage of the life span development process that culminates through the death of an individual. During the course of the twentieth century the notion of late adulthood changed significantly (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). The average person’s life expectancy increased probably by 30 years. This changed the proportion of North Americans over 65 years from 1900s one in 30 to a projection by the year 2040 that it will be one in five. This drastically changed the perceptions of late adulthood (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). For example,
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Further, for some of these individuals the inability to ambulate in manner in which they did during their younger years begin to affect their perception of themselves. Hence, they choose the stay indoors more or opt for a wheelchair. This can be a positive and negative change because it can help to prevent falls, but it can also become debilitating. Falls can become a serious issue during this phase during this time because they can cause permanent damages, such as head injuries. However, exercising can help to strengthen muscles, cause improvements in their cardiovascular system, respiration, and digestion.
Drug Use Another factor important when promoting health and wellness is the issue of drug use. During the late adulthood phase just as any of the other phases, the smoking, and the use of alcohol can pose several health problems. At every age cigarette smoking ranks as a leading killer (Berger, 2008). However, in late adulthood every health issue relating to lung, cardiovascular system, and brain as a result of smoking. Smoking cessation can be beneficial to every smoker’s health regardless of their age. Unlike cigarette, the use of alcohol has gray areas as it relates to whether it is beneficial or harmful to the health of late adults. This is because some do not use it by personal choice, or moral regulation. On the other hand, some

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