Essay on Price Tag on Life

1378 Words Jan 7th, 2012 6 Pages

In this video, some real life examples of Utilitarian principles and morality are presented. Generally, utilitarianism is an area of philosophy relating to the principles of justice, fairness, ethics and one of the studies helping to answer to the question “what is the right thing to do?”
Jeremy Bentham is an early advocate of utilitarian philosophy, in which, the highest principle of morality is to maximize the general welfare and mass happiness. In other words, to maximize the utility and happiness over the suffering.

To make comparison of come certain things, following the utilitarian theory, cost-benefit analysis can be done to be clear about expected benefits and sacrifices, which, consequently,
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Bentham says, that all the preferences matter and we should measure the intensity of pleasure and pain. According to this, question rises, how can someone measure or judge whose pleasure is worthier nobler or better than others’? Basing on this idea and the objections to utilitarian theory, there are some people who refuse to judge and most known of them are Mozart and Madonna. Real life example of utilitarian principle can be found in ancient Roman time when Christians were thrown into the coliseum for the lions to eat them in order to cheer the crowd. But what about their huge moral suffering and pain? I believe to categorical moral reasoning and objections to utilitarian theory, because no mass happiness can justify pain and damage taken to others on involuntary basis, because it is not fair to presume others emotions less valuable just because of greater good.

John Stuart Mill was one of the latest advocates of utilitarian theory and he tried to reply to these objections. His main achievement was trying to humanize and modify the utilitarianism. On one hand, Mill agrees that it is possible to draw a distinction between higher and lower levels of pleasure by testing the individuals who have experienced different pleasures, analysing their preferences and finding that it is possible to set out the most desirable ones. On the other hand, some believe that there are contrary factors, like time, which can make

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