Minkoff And Paltrow Ethical Analysis

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Pregnancy and prenatal harm to offspring arise many issues. What is the right balance of the fetuses "rights" and the mother 's rights of bodily integrity? Finding the accommodating balance is both difficult and challenging. Both the fetus and mother must be analyzed and evaluated to come to an ultimatum deciding what is best for the unborn child, while also considering the mother 's rights to autonomy and bodily integrity.

Robertson and Schulman say, "Ethical analysis must balance the mother 's interest in freedom and bodily integrity against the offspring 's interest in being born healthy. This balance will vary with the burdens of altering the mother 's conduct and the risk of prenatally caused harm to offspring. Depending on the balance
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Munson said, "Minkoff and Paltrow argue that legislation expanding the definition of "child" to include fetuses has adverse effects for women carrying a child to term" (Munson, p. 756). In saying this, the fetuses rights have dismissed pregnant women 's rights (Minkoff and Paltrow, p. 757). Expecting mothers have to give up the right to good paying jobs. Minkoff and Paltrow says, "The fetal 'right ' to health and life has cost women heir bodily integrity /.../, their liberty /.../, and in some cases their lives /.../" (Minkoff and Paltrow, p. 757). In saying this, third parties are being allowed to speak on behalf of the fetus and out ruling the mother. This is a huge concern when it comes to pregnancy and prenatal harm. The mother that is carrying the child still has rights to autonomy and control over herself. Yet, the fetus also has the right to life and right to life without harm. Establishing a parity between the life of a fetus and the life of the mother is very difficult. Minkoff and Paltrow said, "In so doing, they suggest a need to balance rights when those rights appear to conflict with each other, and potentially to subordinate the rights of the women to those of the fetus" (Minkoff and Paltrow, p. 757). In saying this, it grants them rights previously denied to born individuals (Minkoff and Paltrow, p.758). There is no way to guarantee a pregnant woman has the same

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