Political Realism, By Thomas Hobbes Essay

722 Words Oct 1st, 2016 3 Pages
On one hand, we have Political Realism was the predominant idea in Europe during the warring eras. It is based on Thomas Hobbes’s view of the world and that the world is in a constant state of anarchy. Each individual is responsible for his/ her being and only yourself can protect your rights because others would trample it down if you don’t. At the same time, you also need not to obey nor respect the rights of others. When applied to a much broader idea of international relations, each nation has to protect itself and self-help is the domineering belief. The dilemma of attacking before being attacked comes into play. As nations desire for power is never-ending, international relations, then, is in the state of constant war. An exemplary example of an event when political realism was most vivid was during the French Revolution. One nation’s lust for power made other nations’ feel threatened and so they themselves want power, to protect their country. Security dilemma shows itself here. To prevent this from happening again, the Concert of Europe was founded with the idea that balancing the Great Powers would prevent one from going rogue and attack another State, because another superior power would keep it in line. This brought hundred years of peace in Europe, which was a very great achievement, but as we all know eventually failed in the end.
On the other hand, we have liberalism, which tried to become the answer to the failed Concert of Europe and was embodied in the…

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