Pigs And Characters In Animal Farm, By George Orwell

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Animal Farm was written in 1946 by George Orwell. The lead characters are pigs: Old Major, Snowball, Napoleon, and Squealer, and horse Boxer. Animal Farm is written in the genres of satire, fiction, black comedy, fable, political fable, and political satire.

Analysis:

Animal Farm begins when Old Major, a big boar, gathers the animals of Manor Farm for a meeting. He tells them of his hopes and dreams for a future where all animals may live a life free from human oppression. He urges the animals to work towards that ideal world, and teaches them a song called “The Beasts of England”, which describes the ideal world. The animals are very enthusiastic about Old Major’s ideas. Old Major soon dies, and three young pigs called Napoleon, Squealer,
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The novel takes place on Manor Farm, where the farm animals are mistreated by Mr. Jones, the farmer. Old Major, an old prize boar who is the leader of all the animals, relates his dream of an ideal world for animals, where humans would not be present and animals lived together in peace. This reflects the Communist ideals of a society without poverty, and where every person would be treated equally. Old Major then dies, which represents the death of Vladimir Lenin. The takeover of the three pigs Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer is similar to the takeover of Joseph Stalin. The three pigs lay down the core principles of Animalism, and the animals enthusiastically accept them, which is similar to the way that Stalin introduced new laws and policies which would further the Communist vision, and the Russian people accepted them, eager for a change for the better. Napoleon soon chased Snowball off the farm, because he opposed Snowball’s plan for a windmill. Napoleon very quickly made it known that anyone who opposed him will be brutally murdered. This mirrors the way that Stalin had anyone who didn’t accept his rules jailed or killed. Napoleon and Squealer start justifying their actions although they went against the original rules of Animalism, and the animals found themselves starving and overworked. In a way very similar way, Stalin went against the core principles of Communism, and many people died under the communist rule, because of starvation and being overworked. At the end of the book and during the revolution, the animals and humans realize that things were just as they were

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