Pavlov And The Psychodynamic Model

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Register to read the introduction… This model unlike the psychodynamic model can be tested and it is because of this that this model holds more weighting than the psychodynamic model when trying to understand ‘abnormal’ behaviour. However this model is not without its weaknesses as there is no evidence that individuals that display ‘abnormal’ behaviour are victims of improper conditioning. Behaviourists would argue that ‘abnormal’ functioning is learnt behaviour, and not environmental or genetic, the behavioural model is concerned with looking at behaviours that may have been reinforced by significant others or learnt from the surrounding environment. Many cultures reinforce behaviours that they see as being acceptable for example in western cultures girls are still very much encouraged to play imaginative games that involve cleaning, cooking and homemaking whereas boys are encouraged to engage in sports. Pavlov (1849-1936) first demonstrated the effectiveness of conditioning behaviour, in his experiments with dogs, he quickly realised that if a dog could be conditioned then a child could be conditioned in the exact same way. His work was later used to understand ‘abnormal’ behaviour, his work showed that not only could an individual be conditioned to respond in a desired way but that it could be reversed also. This gave way to the possibility of changing an individual’s behaviour through behavioural therapy. Watson (1878-1958) disagreed with the medical model and the psychodynamic model suggesting that behaviour is learnt and it is only by observing behaviour that you can truly understand the individual. He argued that mental processes are non-important as you cannot observe them and therefore can never truly …show more content…
None of the models have proved to be consistently superior.
Each of the models above have their limitations and not one alone can account for all ‘abnormal’ functioning, however the biopsychosocial model seems to be the closest in describing the causes, symptoms, and possible treatment of most mental disorders, as it highlights an interaction between models rather than concentrating on just one specific factor. It is a relatively new model which still has a lot of research to be carried out in order to support this. At this early stage, however, it seems sensible to assume that ‘abnormal’ behaviours is a combination of events internally and externally, some controllable and uncontrollable. 1877

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