Compare And Contrast Psychodynamic And Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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Human nature and abnormal behavior are defined very differently by the several counseling theories. One could say that two of the most contradictory theories are: Psychodynamic (PD) versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). Both of them attempt to relieve clients of emotional distress, however, the underlying reasons of why the distress occurs, and how the counselor helps the client relieve it, differs highly between the two theories. One of the first and most revolutionary theories in the history of psychology was the Psychodynamic theory. Even though it was originally funded by Freud, many of his students and followers imparted their own theories (e.g Jung, Erikson.) Nowadays, Psychodynamic therapy is a much larger umbrella, where many …show more content…
This theory wanted to demonstrate that conditioning human behavior was effective and a much simpler alternative to psychoanalysis. Nowadays, the Behavior therapy has grown significantly which includes different areas of development within this theory: classical conditioning, operant conditioning, social-cognitive theory, and Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). Many types of approaches fall in the CBT theory which includes: Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy (REBT), and Cognitive Behavior Therapy (by Aaron and Judith Beck), among …show more content…
CBT uses a “generic cognitive model” to assess abnormal behavior and emotional distress. This model has two principles: psychological distress is caused from the exaggeration of normal behaviors (excessive anxiety for example), and faulty information (irrational beliefs) generates exaggerations in emotional and behavior reactions (Corey, 2017). This is evident for the therapist when the client seems to have a distorted perception of reality through emotion. Emotional distress is maintained by cognitive behavior, such as what the client believes is true. Furthermore, when a client starts to convert their desires into “musts,” “shoulds,” “oughts,” which can be defined as “absolutist thinking” emotional disturbance starts to occur. Therefore, the CBT therapist would define abnormal behavior by observing the irrational thoughts and cognitive processes the client bases his/her life

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