Dialectical Behavior Therapy
Within the social work, many types of interventions arise to treat different illnesses or problems that people face within their lives. Some interventions are considered evidence-based practices or evidence-based interventions. Evidence-based practices relate to applying current research and evidence in making decisions about the care of individual clients. This means integrating clinical expertise with the available evidence from research. Additionally, evidence-based practice includes best research evidence, clinical expertise, and patient preferences. In our examination, the paper describes the evidence-based intervention of dialectical behavior therapy for suicidal college students.
Suicidal College Students …show more content…
Dialectical behavior therapy is designed to help people change their patterns of behaviors or emotion that are not helpful including suicidal ideation and substance abuse. DBT incorporates cognitive-behavior approaches that stress the psychosocial aspect of treatment. This type of therapy comes from the idea that some people are prone to reacting in an intense manner. These clients do not have an adequate way of coping with intense emotions. DBT uses psychoeducational and skills development groups to educate clients about their disorders and build skills to cope with them. These therapy sessions allow the therapist to understand and identify the thoughts that make one’s life harder. The therapist helps the client learn different ways of thinking that will make it easier. The target is improving interpersonal problems, cognitive distortions, self-identity problems, and behavioral problems. DBT have weekly group therapy sessions that are generally two and a half hour long sessions led by a DBT therapist, where people learn skills from one of four different modules relating to interpersonal effectiveness, distress tolerance or reality acceptance skills, emotion regulations, and mindfulness skills are taught (Andion, Ferrer, Matali, Gancedo, Calvo, Barral, Valero, Genova, Diener, Torrubia & Casas, 2012, p. 241). These group sessions are closed groups due to the information on coping with different skills progresses with each session. With these groups sessions, DBT helps enhance capabilities, improve motivation and reducing the dysfunctional behavior, enhancing and maintaining therapists capabilities and motivation, and structure the environment (Chapman, 2006, p. 65). All these factors allow the patient to have an environment where they cope with these negative situations in a positive manner. Clients are required to complete homework assignments applying and practicing the