Pakistan Contribution to Global War on Terrorism Essay

8483 Words Oct 2nd, 2013 34 Pages
IPRI Journal XIII, on 1 (Winter 9/11 Pakistan’s Contribution to Global War no. Terror after2013): 37-56

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PAKISTAN’S CONTRIBUTION TO GLOBAL WAR ON TERROR AFTER 9/11
Dr. Hidayat Khan∗
Abstract Pakistan’s contribution to the “War on Terror” far exceeds its strength and size. Pakistan lost more than 35000 lives to save American people from another 9/11 attack. Pakistan’s economic loss amounted to 67 billion US dollars but still the US is not satisfied with Pakistan’s performance and pressurizes it to “Do More.” In this situation what should Pakistan do as a sovereign state? At the same time what is the international community’s responsibility towards Pakistan as a partner in this global war? The United States (US) and North
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Dr. Hidayat Khan

of enemy, a global “War on Terror.” As a result in 2001, the US launched a campaign against the al Qaeda network, which they held responsible for the attacks, and the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. The United States embarked on this enterprise with the support of many other countries including the United Kingdom, NATO and non-NATO countries such as China and Pakistan.1 But “Pakistan’s support has been most strong in terms of access (basing, sea and air access), intelligence support and logistics.”2 The 9/11 incident had strong connections with Cold War conflicts during the 1980s. The Soviet Union took the extreme step of invading Afghanistan in December 1979 to halt the fundamentalist rebellion against the Kabul regime and forestall the possibility of western involvement in the civil war. At the same time another great change occurred across the western border of Pakistan, where a revolution ousted the Shah of Iran. The cumulative effect of these historic events at Pakistan’s doorstep was an upsurge of terrorism in its many manifestations in the country. It is generally believed that the main reason for the growth of terrorism in Pakistan was the involvement of the US in Afghanistan in the 1980s. The border region between Pakistan and Afghanistan had been turned into a base camp

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