Essay Museums

2476 Words Nov 26th, 2014 10 Pages
MUSEUMS: THEIR ROLES AND IMPORTANCE In this section of our presentation we will discuss the roles and importance of museums in relation to art and the society in general. Museums were an early form of public education intended to enlighten the general population. The creation of the Public Museum was an expression of the 18th century enlightenment which generated enthusiasm for equality of opportunity in learning. According to the declaration made in the Copenhagen 10th General Assembly of the International Council of Museums held in 1974, a museum is defined as “a non - profit making permanent institution, in the service of the society and its development and open to the public, which acquires, conserves, communicates and exhibits, …show more content…
Collections of different types of art are acquired through various methods, such as donation, field ,collection, transfer from another organization, or purchase. Art museums, for example, generally acquire fewer items than cultural history museums, because art works tend to be more expensive. Museums that maintain collections hold them in trust for the benefit of society and its development. They have the duty to acquire, preserve and promote their collections as a contribution to safeguarding a country’s heritage. Their collections are a significant public inheritance, have a special position in law and are protected by international legislation. Inherent in this public trust is the notion of stewardship that includes rightful ownership, permanence, documentation, accessibility and responsible disposal. CARE OF COLLECTIONS: 1. The museum establishes and applies policies to ensure that its collections (both permanent and temporary) and associated information, properly recorded, are available for current use and will be passed on to future generations in as good and safe a condition as practicable, having regard to current knowledge and resources. 2. Professional responsibilities involving the care of the collections are assigned to persons with appropriate knowledge and skill or who are adequately supervised.

3. Museum collections are

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