Philosophy Of Montessori Education
One of the largest philosophies of Dr. Montessori is to “follow the child”. Harris and Calender state that “Teachers promote inner discipline by letting students direct their own learning instead of uploading an outer discipline where teachers act as authoritarians, dictating to students how to behave and what to do.” (qtd. in Dhiksha & Suresh A.) This does imply the relaxed and flexible manner of the classroom but it shouldn’t be misinterpreted as “let the children run unbridled in the classroom”. Teachers or directresses prepare the environment that is designed with attractive and selfcorrecting materials to entice the student to learn and discover, while gently guiding the child. In a Montessori classroom, there are three highly respected freedoms: freedom to move, freedom to repeat, and freedom of choice. These freedoms allow the child to naturally develop independence, discipline, and exhibit eagerness to learn. Montessori classroom environments keep the students deeply involved as an active participant in learning. Children of Montessori schools are allowed to pursue their own interests and given the opportunity to extend their …show more content…
Sackett states that
“Grace and courtesy provides the foundation for young human individuals to experience and practice the skills of living in a manner based upon respect, dignity, and grace” (116) This one of several pillars of the Montessori philosophy educates young students to respect their environment, respect others, and respect themselves. Because respect is learned and understood, solely by the child, the directresses do not have to resort to fear tactics to encourage the child to listen, contrary to the unfortunate teaching styles of many teachers with difficult students.
Considering Dr. Montessori was formulating the curriculum while working at a mental health clinic with patients classified as deficient and insane, the Montessori methods were tailored to people suffering from mental illness and disability. The curriculum is beneficial to those with special needs and mental illness because it allows students to focus on their strengths. A way to avoid the student from becoming discouraged, skills are broken down into simple steps to be more easily understood and