Mod 6 Relationship Theory Used In Couples Counselling Essay

3716 Words Mar 24th, 2015 15 Pages
Compare and contrast two theories/ models of relationships and show how they might be utilised by a therapist who is engaged in couples counselling

Name: Zoe Foster
Date: 14th January 2015
Course: SOUTH2S14
Module #: 6
Tutor Name: Anni Richardson
Expected Word Count: 2500
Actual Word Count: 2634

Introduction

In this paper I will look at what is means to be a couples’ counsellor. What theories apply to this mode of counselling and how can these can be utilised during the sessions. I will also consider some of the aspects that need to be considered with couples counselling including tools and key focus areas to support the effective sessions.

Equality, Perception and Exchange of Goods

‘The heart of good couples counselling is
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Equity Theory considers how individuals view themselves in relation to others and considers their belief system. For the latter, an individual may simply move from a satisfied to unsatisfied state through discovery that another in a similar situation receives more reward. For example, a husband discovering a friend’s wife is happy for her husband to stay out at the pub every night and feeling he should be able to do the same.

As a result of this social interaction aspect, I believe, there must indeed be a strong interlock to other theories:

Psychosocial (Erikson): Considering individual belief of each client through their language. Trust vs Mistrust, Intimacy vs Isolation, etc. Understanding each of your clients’ mindsets and how they relate to each other.
Moral (Kohlberg): Similar to above. But looking at moral aspect; obedience, self-interest, social conformity, etc. Differences in perception for each client and how they work through differences.
Personality: How introverts and extroverts communicate and perceive their needs given/met. In particular the judging vs empirical personality and its perception of rewards vs effort.
Behaviour: Different behaviours and responses by each client to the same stimuli. Considering hot thoughts behind these and the

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