Mitigation In Emergency Management

Better Essays
Mitigation
Alexandra Foust
Park University
Stefan Buckman

ABSTRACT

There must be established steps of mitigation situations at the city, county, state, and US government levels. Without these mitigation solutions the towns and cities are at risk for the devastation that natural disasters can bring and a long recovery stage. Typically, the recovery is hardest for the community, but mitigation works to shorten the recovery stage and reduce the effects of the disaster itself.

INTRODUCTION

Mitigation is defined as“a sustained action to reduce or eliminate the risks to people and property from such hazards and their effects” (Haddow, Bullock, Coppola, 2017). Mitigation is different from other
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While most emergency management disciplines focus on preventing disaster victims with their response, mitigation has the goal of reducing disaster victims.

DIFFERENCES

Another difference would include the participation of both public and private sectors to create a long-term solution. This solution can include the help of construction specialists, insurance companies, politicians, and land-use planners. “The skills and tools for accomplishing mitigation (i.e., planning expertise, political acumen, marketing and public relations, and consensus building) are different from the operational, first-responder skills that more often characterize emergency management professionals” (Haddow, et al. 2017).
Compared to emergency response, mitigation is a more difficult task to complete.
Mitigation allows those involved in its planning to identify all potential risks and predict the outcome; this is known as a risk register. “It is important that the risk register is kept up to date … and current … because without detailed and current information the risk factors and their associated mitigation measures will not always be valid” (Smith, 2012).

MITIGATION
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While mitigation is a long-term solution, most politicians are looking for a quick solution to show citizens their capabilities. The political will can influence more than just local citizens and can be used to achieve practically anything. For example, Baton Rouge’s 2016 flood was caused by 29 inches of rain from an unnamed and unreported storm. The governor declared a state of emergency days after the extreme flooding began, which allowed a constant stream of London’s Olympic Games. Due to the lack of political support to share the news of the flood, the city, “U.S. policy makers were less likely to declare disasters during the Olympics. Moreover, they find that the effect of this non-attention significantly affected aid” (Searles, 2016).

CONCLUSION

With mitigation being difficult to implement without the correct funding, support, and permissions, it can almost seem impossible to begin the process. While it may be a slow process, mitigation is necessary to prepare for natural disasters and reduce the impact it has on the area. The best way to start would be to gain political support for the mitigation suggestions which then will lead the citizens to consider the options. With the proper support, the funding will trickle in which will help to implement the correct mitigation procedures for the

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