Emergency Management Term Paper

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The dawning of international terrorism has forced a complete re-thinking of how citizens and governments handle emergency management, perceive military ventures, and interact with law enforcement agencies. However, there have been stumbling blocks to how best to implement wide-scale institutional changes across all agencies and communities to counter terrorism. While most agree with the definition of terrorism – acts that seek to intimidate, coerce, or ransom populations to create fear, gain submission, and gain publicity (FEMA, Are You Ready, pg. 148)– there has been a lack of standardization in how to handle incidents across law enforcement organizations, fire services, and medical responders. Part of that lack of standardization is due …show more content…
The easiest way to remember the steps is utilizing the National Response Framework and the five key areas of Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery. During Prevention, Protection, and Mitigation, mission planning identifies potential targets and vulnerabilities. Once the mission planning is done, the targets need to be hardened, whether a concrete barrier put in place or individuals gain a cultural mindset for responding to terror attacks. During Response, both first responders and echelon organizations must understand the plan, actively coordinate, and ensure leadership is cemented. Recovery, both the actual clean-up and the evaluation of the event, closes out the loop and feeds directly back to starting the entire process over again. Without continuous active participation in the steps to countering and responding to terror attacks, organizations are destined for failure, with resulting in loss of life and property, thereby weakening the United States National …show more content…
(2004). Are You Ready? An In-Depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness. Washington, D.C.

Federal Emergency Management Agency. (2002). Emergency Response to Terrorism: Self-Study. Washington, D.C.

Federal Emergency Management Agency. (2013) IS-5.A: An Introduction to Hazardous Materials (Unit 2 and Unit 3). Washington, D.C.

Federal Emergency Management Agency. (2002). Managing the Emergency Consequences of Terrorist Incidents: Interim Planning Guide for State and Local Governments. Washington, D.C.

McNeill, J. B. (2010, February 26). The FY 2011 Homeland Security Budget: Spending Doesn't Match the Missions. Retrieved April 07, 2017, from http://www.heritage.org/homeland-security/report/the-fy-2011-homeland-security-budget-spending-doesnt-match-the-missions#_ftn2

Newman, Graeme, and Ronald Clarke. Policing Terrorism: An Executive’s Guide. 2008.

Resnikoff, N. (2013, September 13). 'Homeland security' has received $791 billion since 9/11. Retrieved April 06, 2017, from http://www.msnbc.com/the-ed-show/homeland-security-has-received-791-billion

United State, National Commission on Terrorism. (2000). Countering the Changing Threat of International Terrorism.

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