Midterm Study Guide Essay

5709 Words Apr 25th, 2012 23 Pages
Psychology 244
Instructor: L.J. Harris

PSYCHOLOGY 244

FINAL EXAMINATION

Spring, 2012

Study Guide

Organization of Examination and Samples of Questions that could be made into
Multiple-Choice and True-False Questions

All questions will come from the lectures and the assigned chapters and parts of chapters in the text. The questions will be organized (as shown below) into the same main headings and subheadings used in the Lecture Notes, although some subheadings are different to reflect material covered in the text but not in lectures. Under each heading will be a mix of true-false and multiple-choice questions to be answered on a scantron sheet. For some of the true-false and multiple-choice questions, you also may be
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Define these terms.

Sample question The system of sounds of a language, e.g., how basic sound units are put together to form words, is known as: a. phonology b. semantics c. inflection d. pragmatics e. deep structure

C. Overview of What is Known About Language Development in Each of the Major Components, or Domains, of Language?

6. What is known about language development in each of the major components? For example, when do children’s first words usually appear, and what do the first words typically represent? Actions? Objects that are just "there"? Social relationships? What about individual differences?

7. Newborn infants cry, and later they begin to vocalize. How do crying and vocalizing differ? Does the first merge into the second? That is, are vocalizations differentiated out of crying?

8. What is “categorical speech perception” (a.k.a., “phoneme boundary effect”)? Do human infants show it? Is it uniquely human?

9. Children commonly make such mistakes as saying "sheeps" or "deers." Why do developmental psychologists think such mistakes are interesting and revealing? What might they reveal?

Sample question A child who makes such a mistake as saying "sheeps" or "deers" is probably undergeneralizing certain regularities that exist already in the language. a. true b.

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