Malaysia Gained Independence In 1957 Essay

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Introduction
The topic of the essay is "Malaysia gained independence in 1957. Discuss". The early history of Malaysia is discussed where how historical moment and how the colonial of Malaysia started which lead the unification of the people in Malaysia. This will be further discussed the incident, effort and steps taken to help in the independence of Malaysia. Next, the changes of Malaysia after acquiring independence is discussed.
The early history of Malaysia started with the state of Malacca which seized by the Portuguese in 1511 but they later driven out by the Dutch will the help of Sultan Johor at that time. The peninsula then was rule by Johor. In 1786, the Sultan of Kedah granted Penang Island to the British East India Company to be
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The significant moment is the peace talk between Tunku Abdul Rahman (TAR) and Chin Peng, the secretary-general of the Communist Party of Malaya at Baling, Kedah on 28 and 29 December 1955. This served as a stepping stone in Malaya post-war struggle for independence. The peace talk help to strengthen the authority of Tunku to fight for independence with the British Government. This was largely due to the concessions that Chin Peng made to Tunku during the talk as Chin Peng promised Tunku that the communists would lay down their weapons if British agreed to transfer power over internal security and defence to the hands of the Alliance Government Tunku made. This indirectly pressure the British to grant those power to the Alliance Government which driven Tunku to secure those power. Although there is concern on whether Chin Peng would fulfill his promise, this help Tunku to bring forward the independence of Malaysia early. However, later Chin Peng failed to keep his promise later on claiming that Tunku had failed to grant him a second meeting as promised to discuss matter because Tunku felt there is no need for a second meeting as the independence of Malaya was secured. This had brought upon the resistant of the Communists Party. The resistant did not held long after Malaya gained independence as the communists were losing both the psychological and military wars due to the fact there were no longer fighting …show more content…
This was mainly due to the "divide and rule" policy during the British colonisation. The policy limit the interaction and communication among different ethnic groups and segregated them in accordance to their economic functions. The Malays are mainly in the lower sector at that time where they work as farmers and fishermen living rural areas or kampung. There were limited Malay involved in the government sector as ordinary officers or clerks where they were the 1st group of people that the British negotiated with. The Chinese were involved in the commercial and mining sectors which mainly found in urban areas and the Indians worked as labours in estates and plantations. Thus, these 2 races were perceived to be more dominant in the economy of the country. Besides that, the education system at the time varied for different races where the Malay and Indian felt minimal amount of literacy was enough but the Chinese were strengthening their bond with China thru education as most of the teachers and teaching material were imported from China. Due to the nature of different language and system of education, the barriers and gaps among different races in Malaya begin to widen more. Moreover, the Japanese occupation widened the rift between Chinese and Malays. This is because Malays were given better treatment by the Japanese where the Chinese were tortured and brutally

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