Essay on Korean War a Proxy War?

1447 Words Apr 3rd, 2012 6 Pages
"To what extent can the Korean War be regarded as a Cold War proxy war?"
The Cold War was the continuing state of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars, and economic competition existing after World War II between the Communist World – primarily the Soviet Union and its satellite states and allies – and the powers of the Western world, primarily the United States and its allies.
The Korean War was a military conflict between the Republic of Korea, supported by the United Nations, and North Korea, supported by the People's Republic of China (PRC), with military material aid from the Soviet Union.
A proxy war is a war that results when opposing powers use third parties as substitutes for fighting each other directly. Yes, it
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The leaders concluded that through the “mindful of the enslavement of the people of Korea [we] are determined that in due course Korea shall become free and independent.”(“Division of Korea”.2010) Because of this, Korean was divided at the 38th parallel. The Soviet Union had control of the North, while the United States of America had control of the South.
The division of Korea meant that each superpower was free to impose their own system on their half. The USA placed a Democratic system on the ROK. Syngman Rhee, an anti-Communist became the first President of the ROK in 1948. The USSR placed a Communist on the DPRK, and Kim Il-sung became its leader. Because of the strong political division, each side of Korea has basically declared which of the superpowers they sided with. This added to the growing fears and tension of the spread of Communism in the East.
Kim Il-sung was determined to unite Korea with a Communist unification, and asked Stalin for support. Prior to 1949, Stalin had always declined. Because the nuclear monopoly was in the USA’s favor, and if the Americans were to retaliate, the USSR would be at a disadvantage. But in 1949, the Soviets tested their first atomic bomb, allowing Stalin to approve of an attack on South Korea. It is now clear that the growing tension between the two Superpowers in terms of military advancement has played a crucial role in the advancement of the Korean

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