Kohlberg 's Theory Of Moral Development Essay

920 Words Jul 31st, 2014 4 Pages
Kohlberg’s Moral Development
Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral development is very similar to Paget’s theory because he looked at Paget as a mentor. Kohlberg’s theory focuses the development of moral thinking, reasoning, and growth in an individual through invariant sequences of stages. Paget’s theory of moral development focuses on the understanding of change through children’s moral thoughts over time. They both believed that “cognitive development and relevant social experiences underlie the growth of moral reasoning” (Sheehy, 2004. p. 135).
Kohlberg’s theory is consists of six stages within three levels. The first level, pre-conventional, demonstrates external motivation through individuals that are self-centered, which falls in the age range of infancy and pre-school. They only see things from their point of view instead of others. Within this level, stage one: Punishment-Obedience is consists of obedience and avoiding punishment. Stage two: Instrumental Purpose and Exchange consists of assurance in rewarding one’s self. The second level, conventional, demonstrates reasoning through confirmation of others, which falls in the age range of school age children. Within this level, stage three: Mutual Interpersonal involves individuals living up to others expectations and maintaining a friendly atmosphere. Stage four: Social System and Conscience involves individuals that focus on being in control and following rules to emphasize order in society. The third level,…

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