Kohlberg 's Theory Of Moral Development Essays

1088 Words Feb 20th, 2016 null Page
Lawrence Kohlberg was an American psychologist best known for his work on the stages of moral development. He was born in Bronxville, New York on October 25, 1927. He was the youngest of four children and the child of Alfred Kohlberg and Charlotte Albrecht. He spent most of his adolescent life in Andover, Massachusetts where he attended Phillips Academy, a private high school. He continued his education, studying at the University of Chicago, where he earned his bachelor degree as well as his doctorate degree in psychology. In his dissertation he exhibited his famous three levels and six stages of moral development, for which he is most widely known. According to Kohlberg’s theory of moral development the three levels of moral development are Preconventional Morality, Conventional Morality and Post-conventional Morality. Each of these levels has two stages; punishment and obedience, instrumental purpose, good-boy/good-girl, social order maintaining, social contract, and universal ethical principal. Kohlberg believed that moral reasoning is the basis of ethical behavior and that as people mature they progress through these stages. In level one, the Preconventional level, we have stage one punishment and obedience and stage two instrumental purpose. The age range for this behavior is typically between preschool and elementary. In the punishment and obedience stage a child is focused on fear. They fear the consequences of a particular action. The child will avoid doing…

Related Documents