Importance Of Employability Connotation

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Historically, employability connotation came into use in 1955 (Versloot et al., 1998). Since the late 90s, it has been empirically discussed from different fields and levels (e.g. individual, organizational, and industrial). It has been included in various academic programs like: business and management, human resource management and development, psychology, educational science, and career theory. However, it is still confusing when used across different contexts and periods (Johns, 2006), and few studies have tried to emerge these different perspectives of employability (e.g. Fugate et al, 2004; Van Der Heijde & Van Der Heijden, 2006). Employability-related developments a cross three historical periods is illustrated in table 3.1.

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(1998) clarify that individual’s employment depends on: the way individual use and deploys these three assets, how to present them to potential employers, and the context of the labour market. They defined the term as ‘the use of an individual’s skills, knowledge, and attitudes and also the way of marketing them to employers and the context within which they seek work’ (p.2). In this definition, they determined the three fundamental assets of individual’s employment, which are: knowledge, skills, and attitudes relevant to the job looking for. According to Hillage and Pollard (1998), the main three elements that might be subsumed under the term of person’s employability …show more content…
(2008) define employability as individuals’ possibility to survive in the internal or external labour market. This definition emphasizes the importance of internationalization in HE and suggests that students need to be ready for competing in internal and external labour markets. Employability also was expressed by Kazilan et al. (2009) as an individual’s set of capabilities to accomplish work tasks productively. Furthermore, it is used by Belt et al. (2010:1-5) and UKCES (2009:2-3) to refer to ‘individual’s ability to secure and sustain employment and progress within the workplace recognizing that different types of employment have different requirements’. According to this definition, it is important, for job seekers, to be aware of and understand the job’s requirements in a career path. A current definition of employability that shows the importance of skills required in the labour market, so graduate’s identity; is provided by CBI (2011:13):
‘A set of generic softer skills, in particular, personal attributes that can be summed up as a positive attitude are critical to being employable. A positive attitude encapsulates characteristics such as a willingness to take part and openness to new activities and ideas. It underpins and links together the other key capabilities’ (Jackson,

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