Impact of Regional Political Parties Essay

1317 Words Dec 22nd, 2012 6 Pages
What is the impact of Regional Political Parties in Indian Politics?

Till 1967, in India there was a single party rule. Even in States also there was a domination of Congress party. But, the scenario changed after 1967. Other parties started coming to power in the states.
There will be different party in the centre and in the states. Regional parties started entering Indian political system. From 1980's we can see the coalition government in the centre.
Congress last its domination and regional parties started participating in the national government. Therefore, coalition government started coming up in central. Many regional parties like TDP, DMK, Akali Dal, and AIADMK started playing their influential role. They started
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What is the simalarity that one finds in all of them: they were all unstable, never had a clear national agenda or appeal, reflected unclear mandate of Indian people and incurred heavy monetary losses to India in terms of frequent elections and new office bearers.
Since 80's we have seen emeregence of many regionalistic parties (reflected by the growing size of ballot papers). These parties try to build their votebank on the basis of regionalism, religion, caste, language etc. They try to showcase themselves as a representative or rather protectors of interest of one community. Some showcase themselves as protectors of yadavs or lower caste community or minority communities like Muslims (RJD, SP), some go as protectors of dalits, SC n ST's (BSP), some are formed on the basis of hindutva (Jana Sangh, Shiv Sena), some try to bring out linguistic or caste appeal (MNS, AIADMK, DMK, TDP). List is endless (worrying factor for Indian stability). When these parties go into election, they showcase themselves as fighters against secular parties like BJP (To me this is the biggest sign of hypocrisy . On one side they are trying to generate vote bank by dividing communities and on other side they distance themselves away from non-secular parties). One party which always plays a vital role in coalition government formed by congregration of all these regionalitic parties is CPI-M which again has presence mainly in couple of states like

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