Hugo Alisonberg's Theory Of Management In The Workplace

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A theory can be defined as a supposition of ideas or systems of ideas which explain something. It explains the ‘why’ and allows us to make predictions about behaviour. Fayol (1949) defined theory as “a collection of principles, rules, methods and procedures tried and checked by general experience.” Management theories are implemented in the organisation to help increase their productivity and service quality. When applying new strategies in the workplace, many managers commonly use a combination of theories rather than one. This decision depends on the type of workplace, its purpose and its workforce. According to Droege (2009), McGregors X and Y theory has had a significant impact on management thought and practice since he first created the concepts.

Introduction;
The Evolvement of Management and Organisational Behaviour Theory
According to Cole (1996), “the earliest contributors to our understanding of management
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Psychology was introduced into places other than management such as advertising, job performance, employee motivation and employee retention. Many of Munsterberg's ideas including the idea of matching an individual's personality with the correct job and skills, are commonly used in industrial and organizational psychology to this day. According to Natarajan (2005), Munsterberg is considered to be the “father of industrial psychology.” Mary Parker Follett believed managers should enable rather than dictate. Her opinions lead to the beginning of the behaviourism movement, presenting the worker as more than just a machine. She highlighted the importance of groups, stating organisations operate better in unity as a functional whole who work together to achieve company objectives. Employees began to become and feel more valued in the workplace, with the principle of “power with” rather than “power over” becoming evident in management and employee

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