Hrm Compare China, American and Japanese Essay

4939 Words Jul 15th, 2011 20 Pages

Different countries or different regions could have different approaches to managing people. This is mainly due to cultural differences. This essay will select American, Japanese and China which have obvious distinctive cultural contexts and compare their human resource management practices. On the other hand, take some multinational corporations, such as Wal-Mart, Panasonic and IBM, as an example to compare their different human resource management practices in these three countries. Besides, the essay will explain the reasons why the different human resource management practices happened from the cultural aspects.

The essay includes the following:

• The role of national culture in IHRM • Comparison in
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They think the professional skill retraining for the internal employees who already had the knowledge of the company culture will be faster, cost-effective and safe. So when the Japanese companies need more employees, they usually choose the internal recruitment.

Wal-Mart, as the famous multinational company, has different recruitment forms in different countries. When Wal-Mart wants to recruit new employees in the United States, they will use the store posters, Internet, newspaper ads, etc. The process is entirely open and fair in the labour market. There is no geographical restriction, some employees come form their own country, and someone come form other countries. The company and the employees reach the agreement on the employment contract which is a fully two-way choice.

However, when Wal-Mart opened in Japan, they didn’t take into account the traditional internal recruitment in Japan. In 2004, when Wal-Mart has not controlled the Seiyu department stores completely yet, they not only discourage the internal recruitment but also advocate to cut 25% staff including 1,500 internal employees. Large numbers of layoff, which is leaded by foreign, is rare in Japan. So it result the local Wal-Mart employees’ antagonism and Wal-Mart suffered a huge loss in Japan.

In contrast, Wal-Mart gets a rapid development in China because they

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