How far do you agree that women had made significant gains in their fight for equality by 1980?
Equality is ensuring individuals or groups of individuals are treated fairly and equally on the grounds of their race, gender, religion, disability, age or sexual orientation. One such group of individuals who are in an unremitting fight for equality in context of gender and race are woman within the United States exemplified by the World economic forum global gender gap report of 2015, ranking the country 28th in terms of equality between men and woman. Although in terms of the global demographic the ranking appears adequate – impressive even by some accounts, the unwavering determination of the feminist movement leading up the 1980’s,
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The movement made some headway, highlighted by the 1973 Roe v Wade and companion case Doe v Bolton Supreme Court ruling, which federally legalised abortion, reflecting the instrumental effect the movement had on public opinion and perception as the Supreme Justice’s ruled in favour of the plaintiff, reflecting the swiftness of changing social attitudes. However to declare the ruling a significant gain in the fight for women’s equality would be particularly ignorant. Opposition would forever overshadow the ruling with most states enacting laws limiting or regulating abortion, such as laws requiring parental consent or parental notification for minors to obtain abortions, spousal mutual consent laws and spousal notification laws as a deterrent. Nevertheless progress had been made with abortion’s legalisation abolishing the notion of ‘involuntary servitude’, and modern feminists arguing that the ruling was a massive social gain for woman of the era, however in retrospect I oppose the extent of this gain due to 1976 Hyde Amendment passed by Congress which barred the federal funding of abortions for poor women through the Medicaid program. The significance of which was a large backwards step in women’s gains as, described previously most women of African, Hispanic