Essay about Health Promotion

1095 Words 5 Pages
Running Head: Health Promotion

Health Promotion
October 14, 2011

Health promotion, as defined by Edelman and Mandle, is “the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health”. It is a multifaceted approach to encouraging a lifestyle change among individuals as well as the community. An important aspect of health promotion is health education. One of the main responsibilities of a nurse is to provide health teaching and health promotion, including education about healthy lifestyle choices and preventative self-care (Edelman & Mandel, 2010). Health promotion may be preformed by clinicians, health care workers, and teachers, as well as non-professionals.
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Many primary prevention interventions, such as exercise, weight management, and smoking cessation must be implemented by the patient (Jonas, 2009). Hepatitis B, for instance, is a sexually transmitted disease that can be prevented by receiving an immunization. Nurses who work in primary care should be proactive in encouraging this vaccine. They should also provide primary prevention education on the risky behaviors that could lead to infection, potential effects of Hepatitis B should one become infected, the modes of transmission, and the symptoms to look for (Petersen, 2004). Secondary prevention refers to detecting disease in the early stages, while it is reversible, and before it progresses to a symptomatic phase. Colonoscopy screening, mammography, and cervical cancer screening are examples (Oberg, 2010). Screenings offer the nurse a great opportunity to provide education as a primary prevention measure (Edelman & Mandel, 2010).
While the responsibility of primary prevention lies with the patient, in secondary prevention the responsibility lies with the provider (Jonas, 2009). Nurses could be involved in colonoscopy screening by being specially trained to make clinical assessments, provide patients with their testing results, help ensure a smooth transition from the screening site to the physician who will provide care, and helping patients make informed decisions (Mowat,

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