Health Promotion And Chronic Disease Prevention Essay

1360 Words Jul 25th, 2015 null Page
Title IV’s Areas of Focus Title IV focuses on health promotion and chronic disease prevention by advocating for preventative services in the areas of obesity, childhood-obesity, oral health and smoking which are major causes of disabilities and chronic diseases. Additionally, title IV addresses mental and behavioral health needs. Obesity is a serious health concern affecting more than 78.6 million adults and about 12.7 million children in the United States and is a major risk factor in heart disease, stroke, type II diabetes and cancer. These conditions are the leading causes of death among Americas. Obesity costs about $147 billion annually in healthcare costs. Genetics and behavioral habits including poor dietary patterns, physical inactivity and medication use are key contributors to obesity (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2015). Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death with an estimated 480, 000 deaths annually in the United States. Additionally, tobacco associated illnesses cost more than $300 billion annually with more than $160 billion in lost productivity. Interestingly, the tobacco industry spends about a million dollars a minute on advertising (CDC, 2015). Poor oral health in children and adults can lead to tooth decay resulting in pain hence affecting eating, speaking, playing or even learning in children. Tooth decay and periodontal tooth disease are major threats to oral health. About a third of American adults have untreated…

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