Gerrymandering: Plurality Voting System and Redistricting Game

1902 Words Apr 16th, 2013 8 Pages
U.S. Redistricting; The Disregard of Public Policy

Introduction
In the United States, each state is divided into a number of districts proportional to the population of that state. Within each district, an election is held every two years; it is the winners of these elections that comprise the U. S. House of Representatives. Every ten years, in response to the national census, the states are re-divided into districts to ensure equal representation in the House of Representatives; this redrawing of districts is called redistricting. Redistricting is one of the oldest acts of democratic governance in the United States. Redistricting also has a crucial impact on the outcome of Congressional electoral campaigns. The majority of states
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The legislature passed my plan and of course you would not find much disagreement there because legislators are the ones drawing the lines as I discussed earlier in this report. At issue in Texas, as occurs periodically in all of the other 49 states, was a redistricting map for the election of representatives to the US Congress. Because the lines between districts are arbitrary, and because one can just as effectively win a district with 60 percent of the vote as with 90 percent, the party in power has every incentive to gerrymander. Both parties play this game. When the Democrats controlled Texas, they shaped the districts to their advantage. Now the Republicans are doing so.

Why are other options to redistricting better than what Texas and Congress currently use?
There are other redistricting options than the ones currently used by states. Many states have sought alternatives to the partisan nature of legislative redistricting by implementing a commission-based redistricting process. The alternatives include commissions, advisory commissions, backup commissions, as well as redistricting by nonpartisan legislative staff as done in Iowa. Texas relies on a commission as a backup if the legislative body fails to draw new legislative districts Within 90 days after legislature fails to meet deadline (adjournment of the first

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