Germany Experienced a Period of Political Calm, Economic Development and Social Progress in the Mid-1920s? How Far Do You Agree with This Judgement?

1418 Words Jan 5th, 2013 6 Pages
‘Germany experienced a period of political calm, economic development and social progress in the mid-1920s? How far do you agree with this judgement? (30 marks)

It is argued by many historians that Germany experience a period of political calm, economic development and social progress in the mid 1920s for a variety of reasons. There is evidence to support the claim that the economy developed in the mid 1920s, due to the fact that there was significant monetary stability and a growth in available capital. Furthermore, one can argue that social progression was achieved, as a result of the improvement in housing and public health and the development of a Weimar culture. Moreover, it can be argued that political stability was maintained in
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The election results during the middle years of the Weimar Republic gave grounds for cautious optimism about its survival. The extremist parties of both left and right lost ground and altogether they polled less than 30% of the votes cast. The DNVP peaked in December 1924 with 103 seats and fell back to 73 in May 1928. The Nazi’s were reduced to just 12 seats by 1928. In comparison, the parties sympathetic to the Republic maintained their share of the vote and the SPD made substantial gains, winning 153 seats in 1928. As a result, following the 1928 election, the ‘Grand Coalition’ of the SPD, DDP, DVP and Centre Party was formed under Hermann Müller and it can be argued that democracy was beginning to emerge in Weimar politics. Therefore, it is clear that the results of the elections between the years 1923 and 1929 highlight that Germany experienced a period of political stability.

Additionally, it can be argued that from 1923-1929 Germany experienced a period of social change and development for a number of reasons. Firstly, as a result of the devastation of the First World War, public spending on housing increased rapidly-by 1929, the state was spending 33 times more on housing than it had been in 1913-and the effect of the house building programme was to improve the quality of homes for many Germans, therefore improving the lives of victims of the war. Furthermore, the role of women changed to an extent, as there was

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