An Event that Shows How Hard it is to Replace a Monarchy with a Short Dictator
The French Revolution began with the Age of Enlightenment, a time when new ideas spreaded throughout Europe about how a government should be run. As well as what freedoms, rights, and protection should be given to people making them equal. With these new concepts floating around, the people of France began to notice some flaws with their government. France had gained a huge debt from funding the American Revolution, the large spendings of Louis XVI, the king of France, and his wife, Marie Antoinette of Austria, and the terrible taxing system.
The struggle came with the social classes. Each of the three classes, or Estates, were taxed …show more content…
However, the Third Estate couldn’t overcome the other two Estates’ decisions and the Third Estate seceded from the Estates General to form the National Assembly. The National Assembly came together at an indoor tennis court and swore the Tennis Court Oath, not to stop until a French Constitution was …show more content…
The Jacobins outnumber the moderates and Louis is sentenced to death and later his wife meets the same fate. Many people witnessed the execution of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette at a guillotine that will kill many more people during the Reign of Terror.
Many people within France didn’t support the Revolution and the Jacobins began to fear their possible downfall. A Jacobin named Robespierre becomes the leader of the Committee of Public Safety, an organization that protected France from its enemies. Anyone who didn’t support the Revolution was considered an enemy to the Jacobins. Thousands of ‘enemies’ were tried and guillotined during the Reign of Terror which lasted until Robespierre’s death by the guillotine.
Napoleon Bonaparte was a lieutenant of the French military who, through his victories against Austria and Prussia, earned the title of First Consul of France. This gave him total executive power and Napoleon crowned himself emperor and dictator of